Working Paper BETA #2014-13

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Title : Scientific connectivity of European regions: towards a typology of cooperative schèmes.

Author(s) : Mickael Benaim, Jean-Alain Héraud, Valérie Mérindol, Jean-Paul Villette

Abstract : The diversity of European regions in terms of R&D and of absorptive capacities has been extensively investigated but without taking into account all dimensions of the regional innovation systems. Even though the variety of connections is a source of constraints and opportunities for the development of territories, few analytical contributions have been devoted so far to this subject and to the implications for regional public policies. This article aims at contributing to the analysis of regional research and innovation systems. It focuses on the different types of scientific connectivity present at local to global levels, and proposes a typology of European regions based on co-publication statistics. It links this characterization of European regions with regional policy issues and discusses the relevance of these measures. The typology of scientific connectivity produces new maps of European regions, and challenges the classical R&D point of view about regional systems.

Key-words : European regions, global-local connectivity, regional public policy, absorptive capacity, scientific activities.

JEL Classification : O18, O31, R11, R58.