Séminaire COURNOT – Giuseppe Attanasi (Sapienza University of Rome)
De 14:00 à 15:30
Détails de l'événement :
Titre : Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivators on Creative Collaboration: The Effect of Sharing Rewards.
Résumé : Charness & Grieco (JEEA, 2019) propose to undergraduate students in Economics, at an individual level, two kinds of creative assignments: “close” and “open” creativity. In the former case, ex-ante goals and constraints are imposed, as is usually the case for most of the economically relevant creative activity (e.g., finding a way to decrease the size of a computer). In the latter case, no restrictions apply, so “thinking outside the box” should be more natural. Participants are randomly given one of three creative assignments – mathematical, graphical and verbal – under tournament incentives on the specific assignment, with monetary rewards to the winners only in half of the experimental sessions. They find that financial incentives have a positive impact on creativity, but only in the case of “close” creativity, i.e., when there are some constraints to the task that a subject has to accomplish.
We build on the same “close” creativity assignments of Charness & Grieco (2019) and analyze with undergraduate students in Economics (in the lab) and with creative entrepreneurs (in the field) the interplay between monetary incentives and within-group cooperation vs. within-group competition on the creative outputs. All lab and lab-in-the-field experiments have been implemented at respectively University of Strasbourg and events organized within the municipality of Strasbourg.
We find more creativity in cooperative groups than (in competitive groups and) individually when no monetary incentives are provided to group collaboration (sharing ideas) in the creative assignment.
Therefore, while the results of Charness & Grieco (2019) show a positive interplay between monetary incentives (extrinsic individual motivation) and “close” creativity at the individual level, we provide evidence of negative interplay between monetary incentives and “close” creativity at the group level (intrinsic group motivation). Furthermore, the latter effect is found more with creative entrepreneurs than with undergraduate students as experimental subjects. We propose a game-theoretic model able to explain the interplay between extrinsic individual motivation and intrinsic group motivation for close creativity.
Lieu du séminaire : Salle du Conseil Paul Chamley et ZOOM.
Lien ZOOM : TBA.
Agenda des séminaires : https://beta-economics.fr/seminaires-cournot-2022-2023/