Working Paper BETA #2019-04

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Title : Union Membership in France: An Empirical Study

Author(s) : Olivier Guillot, Magali Jaoul-Grammare, Isabelle Terraz

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants of unionisation among French employees. Special emphasis is placed on the impact of contextual factors relating to the sector and workplace. The analysis, based on two different datasets, is carried out using two-level (individual and sector) logistic regression models. Beyond the effects of individual factors such as age, education or type of job contract, the results indicate that the probability of being a union member is significantly higher in sectors with high proportions of mature and large establishments, and whose volume of activity is increasing (or at least stable). The workplace context also clearly matters. The presence of unions in the establishment and a tense social climate are both factors which increase membership.

Key-words : Trade Unions, Union Membership, Economic Sectors, Workplace Context, France.

JEL Classification : J5.